Lesson 7: Rape and Sexual Assault


Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this lesson's material students will be able to:

  • Compare and contrast Rape Crisis Syndrome and PTSD.
  • Identify local rape crisis intervention resources.
  • Apply the LAPC model to a case study involving rape.
  • Identify and apply appropriate crisis intervention and assessment techniques and methodologies to counseling scenarios involving individuals or groups in crisis. Learning how to intervene using proactive and preventive modes of crisis intervention, emergent trends in crisis intervention, and community development of proactive-preventive crisis intervention services will be emphasized.


  1. Rape and Sexual Assault
    1. Definitions
    2. Statistics – Reported / Unreported
  2. Why?
    1. Social-Cultural Explanations
    2. Cognitive- Behavioral Explanations
    3. Interpersonal Explanations
    4. Social Learning Theory Explanations
    5. Psychopathology Explanations
  3. Aftermath
  4. Treatment & Intervention
  5. Intervention Examples/ LAPC-Practice

Terms used when describing rape and sexual assault

The term "prison" means a correctional, detention, or penal facility;

The term "sexual act" means

(A) contact between the penis and the vulva or the penis and the anus, and for purpose of this subparagraph contact involving the penis occurs upon penetration, however slight;
(B) contact between the mouth and the penis, the mouth and the vulva, or the mouth and the anus;
(C) the penetration, however slight, of the anal or genital opening of another by a hand or finger or by any object, with an intent to abuse, humiliate, harass, degrade, or arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person; or
(D) the intentional touching, not through the clothing, of the genitalia of another person who has not attained the age of 16 years with an intent to abuse, humiliate, harass, degrade, or arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person;

The term "sexual contact" means the intentional touching, either directly or through the clothing, of the genitalia, anus, groin, breast, inner thigh, or buttocks of any person with an intent to abuse, humiliate, harass, degrade, or arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person;

The term "serious bodily injury" means bodily injury that involves a substantial risk of death, unconsciousness, extreme physical pain, protracted and obvious disfigurement, or protracted loss or impairment of the function of a bodily member, organ, or mental faculty;

The term "official detention" means:

(A) detention by a Federal correction officer or employee, or under the direction of a Federal officer or employee, following arrest for an offense; following surrender in lieu of arrest for an offense; following a charge or conviction of an offense, or an allegation or finding of juvenile delinquency; following commitment as a material witness; following civil commitment in lieu of criminal proceedings or pending resumption of criminal proceedings that are being held in abeyance, or pending extradition, deportation, or exclusion; or
(B) custody by a Federal officer or employee, or under the direction of a federal officer or employee, for purposes incident to any detention described in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, including transportation, medical diagnosis or treatment, work, court appearance, and recreation; but does not include supervision or other control (other than custody during specified hours or days) after release on bail, probation, or parole, or after release following a finding of juvenile delinquency; and

The term "State" means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, and any commonwealth, possession, or territory of the United States.

Click HERE to view this directly on YouTube 



Lesson 7 Quiz A

  1. What is the Rape Trauma Syndrome?  Describe it in DETAIL and compare/contrast this with PTSD. Do you believe there should be a separate understanding? Why or why not?
  2. Where is the nearest Rape Crisis/Counseling Center nearest your home? Who is the director and where is it? What is the way a client might contact them? What type of services does the center offer?

Lesson 7 Quiz B

View the following video


Click HERE to view this directly on YouTube

  1. Is this survivor's story indicative of the "typical" rape? Feel free to use other resources to support your determination. Write a brief list of LAPC questions your might consider for this situation, share observations and ideas/issues you would keep in mind as a crisis worker.

Lesson 7 Discussion (for online course only)

Discuss the videos posted to the lesson.